An estimated 4.5 million people in India are working on unpaid work as the country struggles to recover from the crippling effects of the financial crisis, according to an internal study commissioned by the government.
The survey, commissioned by Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government and released on Tuesday, also found that more than half of Indians work on the job without any formal salary.
It also revealed that many of the people surveyed are part of informal work, often with little or no pay.
According to the report, many people have little or none income even though they are employed in different jobs.
In some cases, they work as housekeepers or gardeners, while in others, they do manual labor or do construction work.
A number of countries have had similar figures but the United States has a much higher number of people working on unskilled work.
In India, more than 2 million people are working unskilled jobs, including a quarter of the country’s agricultural workers, the report said.
“Many of these unskilled workers are often vulnerable to exploitation by employers and their employers may not pay them enough,” the report says.
In India, most of the workers are unskilled because they are forced to work in hazardous conditions and have no other option.
They are often the poorest people in the country and suffer from chronic unemployment and poverty.
Many of the unskilled have been unemployed for months.
Some are working in fields, others are working as domestic help or even as cleaners.
A woman who works as a domestic help, who asked not to be named because she fears retribution, told The Associated Press on Tuesday that she and her family have been on the streets of Bangalore for months after her husband died.
The woman, who lives in a slum in Bangalore’s affluent Bandra area, said she was lucky to have been able to find a job at one point, but her husband’s death has left her and her four children destitute.
“When my husband died, I was very scared.
I was afraid of what could happen to us,” she said.
“My children don’t even have clothes to wear.
The streets are not clean, it’s not safe.”
The survey also said that while the vast majority of unskilled people in Bengaluru have jobs, the number of workers who work on a regular basis is higher than in the other states.
Many of the city’s unskilled labourers are seasonal workers.
The report also found, however, that many other cities in India have a higher proportion of workers in their cities than Bengaluru.
“In the rest of India, there are no jobs for unskilled and manual workers,” said K.R. Srikanth, a professor at the Institute of Development Studies, an independent think tank.
“There is no guarantee of employment in these regions.
We have an unemployment rate of 10% and a poverty rate of 30%.
We are seeing a huge gap between the urban and rural workers.”
Some of the cities in the survey, including Bengaluru, New Delhi and Kolkata, have a ratio of 1.6 unskilled to 1.2 manual workers, while Bengaluru has a ratio above 3.0.
“These figures may not be alarming in Bengalore, but they are worrying in other cities like Delhi and other big cities like Mumbai,” Srikant said.
The report also revealed some of the difficulties faced by people in those cities who are working irregular hours and without paid wages.
The vast majority are migrant workers who are often forced to do work outside their jobs and without a contract.
Srikanth said that many migrant workers are also vulnerable to violence and abuse by employers.
“There is violence and harassment, they are being beaten up, their homes have been broken into and their phones stolen,” he said.